Replicating the Roswell Rock

RTRR2This article was first blogged out over a period of several months. The first post was dated September 19th 2008, and the last was in February 2009. Over the years since, I’ve dragged it around from site to site, tweaking it along the way – small edits to smooth it out, adding or removing a word, that kind of thing. So other than occasional actual updates and, oh yeah the “addendum” – no big changes. It is still basically in it’s original bloggy form. a nearly real time (not quite) journal of the exploration of the subject – a study on an anomalous object which really ended up a study on a little more than that…

In July of 2008…

renderedWhile roaming the internet I came across a story about a carved stone known as “The Roswell Rock” found in 2004 by a man out hunting in New Mexico. Because of certain of it’s peculiarities he had been encouraged to have it looked at. The lines and shapes of the carving seemed too precise, too perfect, and had the odd appearance that it had somehow been raised up from out of the natural surface of the rock. Experts began examining it and were unable to determine how it could have been carved. It was said that even under a microscope no evidence of tool work of any kind could be found. This in itself was probably enough to make it an object worthy of continued study… but there was more.

Passing a magnet over it could cause both clockwise or counter-clockwise rotation. Interesting, but more than that, two dominant elements in the design, tangential circles featuring yin-yanged crescent moons, seemed to be placed precisely on both rotational pull points. Even more interesting… but it didn’t end there.

96_formationAt some point someone noticed that this same design had appeared in 1996 as a crop formation in the UK. Not only was it reportedly a precise match, the two were also apparently inverse opposites, meaning that if they could somehow be scaled to the same size and come together, they would fit together perfectly as if one had made the other. That last part is not really true, they are not actually inverse opposites – but I’ll explain that and a lot more in detail later. (Photo credit: 1996 aerial image by Lucy Pringle)

All of these things; the crop circle design, the rotational pull points, the fact that it was found near the Roswell ufo crash site, and the anomalous look of the carving, all came together easily in peoples minds as indicators that the stone might have an extraterrestrial origin or connection.

As a cautious but avid follower of fringe subjects, I’m quite sure I would have been fully drawn into the intrigue of the story, but as it turned out, I’ll never know what my normal reaction would have been because it probably took less than a few seconds of seeing the photo before I recognized the technique used to carve it, one that I have been using on occasion for 15 years.

The Message Board

The place I initially found the story was the message board of a busy and well known website on which a lively discussion about the stone was taking place. I wanted to jump right in, but knew I would need more than words to back-up my opinion. Being that this was a Saturday, meant that I was going to have to resist posting anything until after I had a chance to get down to the studio where I work and make some kind of sample, photograph it, and then figure out how to put it on the message board. It was a long weekend.

In the meantime I googled the term ” The Roswell Rock ” and saw conversations on message boards all over the place. Speculations, debates, and theories galore. While the “of alien origin” side was trying to figure out its function or decipher the design, the “it’s a hoax” side were throwing out spiteful words about hunks of clay, epoxy resins, and sculpted wax models etc. But no one that I could find, had really figured it out yet.

carvingsWhen Monday came, I made a couple of quick samples, and after work, got my 14 year old son to teach me how to post an image. So with that and a couple of brief sentences, I put it up there and thought,”well that’s that”. I felt sad really, that I might be ruining a perfectly good mystery.

It didn’t go at all like I had imagined. It was near silence on the board. There were a handful of responses though, some congratulating me for exposing an obvious hoax (I disagree, I don’t think the word hoax applies here), but there were also several along the lines of, “nice work, but yours is not nearly as detailed”. Also there was this, “does yours spin under a magnet?” I didn’t even see it coming. In my own mind I had dismissed the magnet issue. It seemed like a pretty normal attribute for a rock. I didn’t see any point in demonstrating that a rock could spin under a magnet, anybody that felt the need to prove or disprove this could do it for themselves, right? If they wanted more detail though, I could give them that. The next day on my lunch I made another one, this time using the 1996 formation’s design.


This time the reaction was a little stronger and most people were now saying they were convinced, but there were still some bringing up the magnet issue, and I knew that they were really right. I had only done half the job, and knew I wasn’t going to feel right, until I found a magnetic rock and put a crop circle on it.

By the way, I don’t think the term “magnetic rock” is correct. A refrigerator is a thing we stick refrigerator magnets to, but we don’t say the refrigerator is magnetic. There are rocks though, that really ARE magnetic that are known as “load or lodestones”.

n : a permanent magnet consisting of magnetite that possess polarity
and has the power to attract as well as to be attracted magnetically

If someone knows the term (if there is one) for a rock that “can be attracted magnetically” please let me know, I would sure appreciate it – I’m tired of the verbal effort it takes to NOT say magnetic rock.

UPDATE: Someone actually did answer this in another comments section, so to quote Mike C: “Instead of ‘magnetic rock’, just call them ‘ferrous stones’…. that’s what they are…. iron rich rocks that CAN be affected by a magnetic field.

Finding Rocks that will Rotate (under a magnet)

swampI thought it was going to be a simple matter of visiting the creek near my house, but being new to the area, I hadn’t yet been there and didn’t know that despite that “creek” was a part of it’s name, it was really much more like a swamp. Walking along an asphalt path through the most “rockless” terrain I have ever seen, I saw no easy way to get to the water itself. If there were any rocks in there I wasn’t about to trudge through the grassy muck to find them.

After about a mile, just as I was starting to feel like turning back, I found an out of place swatch of small river rocks hiding in the grass under some bushes. So I got out my newly purchased bright orange handled, telescoping, “mechanic’s magnet” and started poking around, trying to behave as best I could like what I was doing was normal so that passers-by would hopefully overlook me.

It didn’t work. One girl came right out and asked, “What is that?” Not being much of a conversationalist, I answered, “it’s a magnet”. Looking at the rocks she then asked “and what are you doing with it?” This was just the kind of surreal exchange I was hoping to avoid. “Finding rocks that are …magnetic…” I said sounding uncertain. Much to my relief she didn’t come back with “why” and instead continued on her walk.

I managed to come away with about twenty rocks that I thought might do the job. As it turned out only three of them would do the turning thing and only the smooth one (on the left) would do it well.
Further excursions taught me a lot. Finding rocks that will do this seems to be very much a regional issue. At one point, thinking I had had a stroke of genius, I visited a landscape yard filled with mountainous heaps of variously sized rocks of all kinds – none of which turned out to be at all useful. Ultimately exploring the creek several miles upstream turned out to be the answer. There I found that certain banks seemed to collect nothing BUT highly reactive stones while the next bank would have none.

The Way It Works

So what does it take for a rock that can be magnetically attracted to spin? Its all about shape and nothing more. The bottom should be a nice shallow convexly curved surface, the smoother the better. The other main factor is varying thicknesses of the stone around the balance or “pivot” point and that there is a proportional relationship between the weight of the rock and the pull of the magnet. The latter is in a sense adjustable being that magnets come in a variety of different strengths.

rotationalBasically: hold the magnet over the stone, between the center (pivot point) and the edge, and between the thick and thin parts, the thicker part is closer to the magnet than the thinner part – so, it rotates toward the magnet. By the way, this alone is not about perpetual motion – the magnet has to be kept ahead of the turning to get it going. That being said, no two stones are alike. Some are much better for this than others. I do have one that seems to come very close to actually “spinning under a magnet” all by itself – but regarding perpetual motion, close doesn’t at all count. Naturally, once you start playing around with magnets and rotation etc, ideas occur, and the next thing you know, you have a big mess in the garage, half a day is missing, and the duct tape is all gone. I shouldn’t go into that right now – but it might make for a good video at some point.

The Art of the Crop Circle

I was really starting to enjoy the creative aspect of what I was doing. Initially, when I felt that urgent desire to get the 96 formation onto a stone as quickly as possible, my only means at the moment was to look at the image on my monitor and actually draw it the old fashioned way – and then using that sketch as reference, draw it again the next day onto a masked rock. This went against twenty plus years of conditioning as a professional artist. When it comes to projects that require speed and accuracy, we typically use modern tools such as printers projectors and plotters. Time is money and the competitive nature of our society dictates how we approach our work. The unfortunate result can be a disconnection with why we are artists in the first place. I’m thankful though that our printer was out of ink that day because, being forced to draw it meant that I was made to study it completely.

Speaking of studying it completely; The observation that has been made about the inverse opposite relationship of the Roswell Rock and the 96 formation is incorrect. It is true that the design on the rock is positive, as in raised, or “out” while the one in the field is negative, or “in” but to function as opposites they would need to be mirror images. For example, If you press your hands together, palm facing palm, then open them like a book, you can see that they are mirror opposites – the thumb of the left hand is left of its palm while the thumb of the right hand is on the right. Looking at the comparison photos of the rock and the field formation, you can see that they are like two left hands. Let’s also go ahead and use this idea of a hand to fully express what is implied in the “inverse opposite” observation – imagine enlarging your right hand to crop circle size, smooshing it into the field palm down. Your thumb is on the left until you pick it up, turn it over, and look at the palm. Now your thumb is on the right.

Anyway, to draw one of these correctly, the proportions have to be taken in with an almost chess-like mentality – thinking several moves ahead. The more you look, the more you find connectedness between all of the design’s elements. It was a simple form really, entirely made from circles and parts of circles, but as the eye, hand, and mind work together to find just the right placements and alignments, the cleverness of the design sings right out, loud and harmoniously.

The energy of the experience lured me into the vastness that is crop circle design. For several weeks I went from one formation to the next, drawing them by hand and finding the creative pathways and I felt I was walking in the footsteps of an artistic giant or giant(s). I learned things I could never have learned on my own. For example, I found that an equilateral triangle can be made within a circle by boxing in the circle, and then by dividing the box into 16 smaller boxes, the points of the triangle will fall where the lines of the boxes intersect with the line of the circle.

Inspired by all I was learning, I decided it would be fun and challenging to try to come up with my own design for the one rotational stone that I had found. Three basic things contributed to what I came up with.

  • I wanted it to be like a symbolic instruction manual for spinning the stone.
  • I also wanted it to be a design that would look good while spinning.
  • There were three strong pull points on the rock that I wanted to emphasize.


So basically it needed to be a triangular circle-ish spiral pictogram thing. In retrospect I think the design I ended up with was “OK” in that it had all those things, but what it definitely did not have was that mystical harmony that I was seeing in the crop circles. Eventually, I began to appreciate more and more that much of the power people often perceive in the designs, is directly attributable to geometry itself. Playing with circles and lines will lead you to coincidence after coincidence, pattern-work that just… happens. Formation designers must certainly learn very quickly, that the more adept they become with the mathematics of what they are doing, the more meaningful the designs begin to look.

Back on the board I posted a picture of the resulting stone and a video of it spinning and thought that it would surely suffice and that maybe I was done.

The Investigators

skellitAfter having met the challenge of ‘do yours spin under a magnet?’ and then a final submission of one more that I considered to be an irrefutable example… yes – I really felt I WAS done, but what I HAD done, did it affect the larger discussion happening beyond the message board? Not at all… but I certainly wasn’t interested in repeating the process I had just been through on all the different paranormal message boards. How many of them are out there? It could be a never ending crusade – no thanks.

Early on, there had been suggestions from the board that I should send photos of what I was doing to the primary investigator of the Roswell Rock. The more I thought about it, the more it seemed like the right thing to do. It was from that person’s website that the story being discussed had originated. Much to my surprise I was responded to immediately with a couple of questions, one of which was something like, can you try your technique on a sample of iron-rich hard sandstone? I said I would try.

At first, I was unable to come through on the request. After a few crazy days of trying to fit it in I realized I just didn’t have the time, didn’t know any geologists, didn’t know anyone who knew anybody who knew anything about iron-rich sandstone. I just couldn’t do it. As much as I wanted to, it was just too far out of my realm. Soon after though, I sent in the image of the dark stone pictured above, and informed them that, although this stone was very very hard, it actually made for an even better carving. Not long after that, in an interview on the radio, I heard that particular investigator report that although someone had sent in photo samples of sandblasted stones, experts were still saying that there was no evidence of any type of “machine” work whatsoever.

My reaction to this was perhaps a little odd. I was confused to be sure. In retrospect I think I should have simply sent an email explaining that sandblasting does not leave tool marks. At the time though I could not imagine a person not knowing that, and so I concluded it was at the very least a severe case of confirmation bias that I was encountering. The idea of having the bias confirmed with further rejection kept me from attempting any more contact. I so admired this person, and was certainly a little star-struck with the interaction. I am regretful now in recognizing that it was possibly a fear of uncovering a flaw in the character of one of my heroes that may have prevented me from understanding a much simpler reality in which a non-understanding about the absence of tool-marks and sandblasting… might not be an unreasonable thing.

crossI will always tend to automatically give the benefit of the doubt to the ufologist, the crop circle investigator, the ghost chaser, etc. Studying the ways we operate when confronted with mystery has long been a hobby of mine, and I know of course that it’s unfortunately almost never as simple as right and wrong, or true and false. As those of us who are compelled (and most of us are) to pick a side, it requires that we mentally dismiss a portion of what the other side is saying. This is how we come to more than half-way believe that what we’ve decided is closer to the truth… is indeed closer. Having watched people dismiss elements of my own life experiences that I knew to be true because it didn’t fit their own understandings has made me automatically sympathetic to the side opposite the skeptic, or the debunker and so this was uncharted territory for me. Definitely an uncomfortable place to be. It was like I had been unexpectedly traded to the other team. I thought I had offered up everything anyone would need to be able to see that even if aliens DID carve it, they did it with sandblasting – but it looked like what I was saying was going to be dismissed, and that nothing was going to change that.

At that time, in the “listeners emails” section of the website of Coast To Coast am, an animation appeared, sent in by a listener. It showed the image of the Roswell Rock superimposing itself onto an image of the 1996 formation. The point was made in the accompanying comment that it is an astonishingly exact match. It’s amazing how the mind can see what it expects to see. At first it DOES seem to be quite exact, but this is the result of the eye bouncing around and looking at the parts that DO line up, If you continue to watch the animation though, and look at ALL the parts you will see that there are many that do NOT line up. Some of them are actually pretty far off in my opinion.

The unspoken point was that the rock and the crop circle were connected in ways other than normal and that this animation was proof. Okay now I was fully irritated because, seeing the (apparently hard to perceive) inconsistency between the two was in reality better proof that the two were NOT paranormally linked.

I knew what I had to do. I wrote up an email, attached images of some of the rocks, and sent it in to Coast to Coast. With the way everything had been going, I wasn’t actually expecting that they would post the images, but boom – up they went! It was a little bit of a shock how fast it happened.


One evening, only a day or two after making the submission I went to the website right before one of the shows was about to start, to see who that nights guest was going to be. Just a few minutes later I was back on there for something else and there they were. Remembering that I had given permission for them to show my email address, I popped over there and saw that in just those few minutes there were already 5 responses, and over the next several days there was a steady flow until I had seven pages to deal with. Among those responses was another investigator – Chuck Zukowski of

Chuck was nice enough to purchase one of my rocks for his research. I sent him the best one I had at the time, but in the days that followed, my techniques improved and I felt he deserved an upgrade – so I sent him the one that can be seen in the video at the bottom of this page.


The response I got from posting the images on Coast to Coast am’s website was unexpected and a bit overwhelming. There were more questions to attempt to answer, and there were many requests for purchasing the rock samples themselves.

At that point I was getting closer and closer to what could be called a Roswell Rock replica. Along the way it had evolved from simple sandblasting into so much more. Eventually I was even taking larger stones and cutting them into smaller pieces, then grinding and polishing them down to the right shape and size.

yinyang_stoneAs far as replicating all the things that could be said to be interesting about the Roswell Rock itself, there was still one issue nagging at me. You see – when the design is applied and the surrounding area is blasted away, the new surface is fresh looking, while the protected area of the design still has its aged and natural look. There is, of course, dramatic contrast between the two, much like what can be seen with this yin-yang.

The rock found by Robert Ridge, although having the typical bumpiness that sandblasting causes, does not have the fresh brighter look that would usually come with it. There is no color difference and the sandblasted part also has a peculiar shininess to it. I think it was this unnatural shine on such an obviously textured surface that caused people to be so quick to label it as being fake somehow, even though they often couldn’t quite pinpoint what it was bothering them.

To be made shiny, I would imagine a rough stone surface could theoretically be polished in such a way that the bumpiness would remain, although I personally cannot imagine a way for that to actually happen either by natural or human means. Polishing flattens bumps. (UPDATE – since then I’ve been learning how to polish bumpy surfaces… not as hard as I thought) Similarly, on the issue of color, one could speculate that a rough carved surface’s color matching up so well with it’s uncarved surfaces might indicate that the carving is spectacularly ancient. Very few are going there with this though. I will say that extreme density in a rock yields less contrast from carving, but I’ve never seen it completely absent. So what are we left with?

At first, the only way I was able to somewhat get rid of the freshly sandblasted appearance was to rub it with mineral oil. It worked pretty well for the color contrast, but it also looked, well….”oiled”. Some of the rocks also soaked the oil in so much that the color contrast came right back.

One day I was pondering the problem, when suddenly I remembered reading somewhere that when the Roswell Rock was found, it was caked with dirt, and that Silly Putty was used to clean it. Hmmmm

The closest thing I had on hand was modeling clay. It worked quite well. With a combination of dabbing it with the clay and buffing it with a brush, I was able to get the identical shiny (fake-looking) finish. Eventually I did end up trying silly putty, and it worked even better, as far as getting a more natural look.


So here is an example of achieving the no color contrast look by applying “Silly Putty”. (Original Roswell Rock on the left, my sample on the right)

The amount of interest flooding at me for purchasing the samples was overwhelming, but I felt I needed to come up with an alternative product. To me it seemed that the carving techniques created such an interesting and mysterious look, that there were multiple applications. After all, there is a world of things that could be carved onto a rock – special rocks for special interests. As quickly as I could, I opened an eBay store and named it “Symbols in Stone”, because virtually anything that can be carved onto a rock could be rightfully called a “symbol”. Tentatively I began putting them up for sale. Within that first week I sold enough that I was convinced that it was going to actually pan-out and proceeded to step up production, and why not? It seemed perfect. Now when people contacted me about the images on Coast’s website, asking where they could buy one, I had somewhere I could send them. This was when I found out the disparity between the amount of people who say they want to buy a thing from you, and the actual number that really then buy that thing. As the weeks passed and rocks began to accumulate, on the window sills, on the fridge, the mantel, the piano – and the carvings improved, and the store improved, and even the prices improved, the sales… did not. After two grueling months I sat glassy-eyed before the computer screen, preparing to load images of the latest work, when a simple thought blossomed in my mind. “I don’t have to do this”. Peaceful relief washed over me as I shut down the store.

DSC_0064In the end the reward of the effort was managing to do something that many people were saying could only be the work of aliens. How lucky and ironic it was then, that the subject involved is so utterly un-alien – precision stone carving is so old, so fundamentally human… and so it all seems more like the illustration of a symptom of the times in which we live. What are the things that look alien to us, and why? Perhaps it represents the hectic psychology of a society feeling and fearing it’s own rapid movement.

Postscript Update 2014

There are several things to add especially now that interest has flared up once again, and more people are emailing me about this. The first thing is that, yes I do still have quite a few rock carvings and I do occasionally sell some of them. For the most part though I’m not pursuing rock sales on a regular basis. Stone carving is only a small part of a pretty big array of stuff I do as an artist. On that subject – there are many ideas I’ve had over the years for little stone carvings – I have no doubt these will come into the picture at some point, and I’m really looking forward to that.

Update regarding the conclusions of Chuck Zukowski

I guess it turned out he found my replica to be pretty good, but not good enough. There is reference to the matter on his website, where he says, “Examining the replica next to Robert’s rock showed a tremendous difference not only in precise etching design, but also in non-existing magnetic properties”.

Well, I certainly have a couple things to say about that.

It seems I was one of the last to hear that the Roswell Rock is allegedly an actual loadstone. After sending him the samples, I do remember that in a follow-up conversation, Chuck had said that with the Roswell Rock, the magnet at times actually “pushes” it, indicating polarity. Up to that point I hadn’t heard reference to that. Naturally, there would be very noticeable differences between a loadstone and my plain old “iron rich” samples. I had to then ask myself;

“do I also need to prove that humans are capable of sandblasting loadstones?”

There is something inherently flawed in jumping through each one of these hoops as they appear… at some point it has to stop being about that. Not at all meaning to disrespect Chuck, he is doing one thing, and I am doing another – two completely different things that might seem to go together, but really don’t. Here is video of the actual rock I sent to him, the one he has repeatedly and publicly implied fell so far short.

I do not presume to “know” anything definitively about the Roswell Rock, except for what I see in the pictures. Whether I can or cannot replicate it perfectly after all is said and done, really proves nothing regarding the question of who made it. The same can be said about anything. I suppose the best and most appropriate comparison would be crop circles themselves, some of the most stunning and impressive crop circles are known to have been human made, but this cannot be said to be proof that aliens don’t do any crop circles. In the end, attempting to answer certain questions becomes a fools errand, but at the same time this doesn’t necessarily mean the questions themselves are foolish.

windturbineParanormal investigators like Linda and Chuck are attacked on EVERY question they ask. They keep at it though, pursuing what might be there somewhere buried in all the nonsense… hard evidence that we are not alone. I want to assume this about anyone working in that field, that they are there because they believe. To knowingly stand asking questions that guarantee a world of ridicule? I’m not going to pick apart the way they do what they do, nor do I expect them to know every time they are wrong about something.

There really isn’t much more I can add to the subject, except for perhaps a few high resolution images magnified to show precision, but this is not so much for debating investigators… much more because I like precision stone carving. Working in this experimental way on recreating the Roswell Rock has led me into an area I didn’t even know there was a name for… in the field of glass art it’s called “cold working”. A friend just loaned me a book about it. The chapters feature the various machines involved that are used to engrave, decorate, shape, and polish glass, and it’s like looking at pictures of my own workshop – but even better than that, some of the machines I’m using are NOT in the book.

Re: “The Roswell Rock” and its associations with the word “hoax”

There are several distinctly different things going on here, as to why the word hoax is sometimes being used. As a carving, the way that it looks really qualifies it as an optical illusion for the minds eye (especially in certain photos). Relief carving is nothing new – but here, being that it is on a small stone, the first natural mental response can be a kind of confusion that the design has been impossibly raised up from the surface of the rock somehow. Initially and until that point that the mind reconciles the issue in some way, a confusion persists. So the choices for the mind are generally these 1) Figure out how it was carved to your own mental satisfaction 2) See it as a fake, as in not really a rock, “a hoax” 3) Conclude that basically it IS impossible, and is therefore paranormal in nature. 4) Just forget you ever saw it.

It is choices 2 and 3 that are taking people to such diverse opinions, and resulting in such colorful debates on the internet. What I think is so interesting about it is that both directions, as contrasted as they are, lead to some of the most inventive and creative thinking you’ll ever see.

Furthermore, in another way the word hoax can apply, I see no reason to suspect Robert Ridge of anything. I’ve never tried to contact him, and maybe that’s mostly because I just assume him to be telling it like it is. There is nothing so unusual about finding something ‘weird looking’ while out walking. Haven’t we all done that? The story, stripped down to the simple narrative it really is, that of a person out in the middle of nowhere reaching down and picking something up – it is like reconnecting to the best part of childhood… that magical feeling of discovery.

Crop-Circle-RockBreaking News! For those of you that have been following Replicating the Roswell Rock, we have a possible end to the Roswell Rock mystery… it appears a man came forward yesterday (8/27/14) with a pretty solid explanation on the probable origin, and possibly who made it.

Apparently this is about two stones that were were purchased in 1998, in Roswell, at the “Alien Encounter 98″ festival…. READ FULL STORY HERE

Image Credit: John Russell, and posted at

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